University of Florida

Tilia americana

Common name(s): American Basswood, American Linden, Basswood, Whitewood

Plant type: deciduous large tree
Primary method of propagation: seed
Alternate propagation method(s): cutting, layering, grafting/budding

Propagation by Cuttings

Cutting type: secondary
Time of year to take cuttings: Summer
Cutting maturity: semi-hardwood
Rooting hormone: IBA TALC 3000 PPM
Rooting environment: intermittent mist
Comment: It is helpful in rooting to apply heat to the bottom of the soil.

Propagation by Seed

Time of year to collect seed: Autumn
Time of year to sow seed: Summer
Seed treatment: stratify 40 degrees F in sand 3 months.
Light conditions for germination: not needed
Comment: Germination environment temperature is 85 degrees F during the day and 65 at night. Lath screens or shade netting over the seed beds improve seedling stands. Increased seedlings by scarification.

Propagation by Layering

Type of Layering: mound
Time of year to layer: no information
Wounding: no information

Propagation by Grafting

Time of year to graft: late Summer
Type of graft: 'T'
Comment: Scion-rootstock compatibility between linden species is critical.