University of Florida

Populus deltoides

Common name(s): Eastern Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar, Cottonwood, Necklace Poplar

Plant type: deciduous large tree
Primary method of propagation: seed
Alternate propagation method(s): cutting

Propagation by Cuttings

Cutting type: secondary
Time of year to take cuttings: Winter
Cutting maturity: semi-hardwood, hardwood
Rooting environment: outdoor beds
Comment: Additional common names are southern cottonwood, carolina poplar, and necklace poplar.

Propagation by Seed

Time of year to collect seed: Autumn
Time of year to sow seed: Autumn
Preferred temperature for germination: 86 degrees F
Time required for germination: 2 days weeks
Light conditions for germination: need light for fastest germination
Comment: Pre-soaking of seeds in a 2 molar solution of sucrose for 30 minutes toincrease germination. Some seeds germinate in 12 hours.