University of Florida

Malus spp.

Common name(s): Apple

Plant type: deciduous small tree
Primary method of propagation: cutting
Alternate propagation method(s): seed, grafting/budding, division

Propagation by Cuttings

Cutting type: stem tip
Time of year to take cuttings: late Autumn
Cutting maturity: hardwood
Rooting hormone: IBA Quick Dip 2000 PPM
Rooting environment: outdoor beds
Soil temperature for best rooting: 65-70 degrees F
Time to rooting: 8-12 weeks

Propagation by Seed

Time of year to collect seed: Autumn
Time of year to sow seed: Summer
Seed treatment: 40 degrees F for 2 months.
Time required for germination: 1 weeks
Comment: Root prune the seedlings.

Propagation by Grafting

Time of year to graft: Winter
Type of graft: whip, 'T'
Rootstock: Malling
Comment: Cambrium layers of scion and understock should match. Malling varieties are dwarfing rootstocks.

Propagation by Division

Division type: sucker, stolon
Time of year to divide: Autumn