University of Florida

Euonymus europaeus

Common name(s): European Euonymus, European Spindle Tree

Plant type: evergreen large shrub
Primary method of propagation: cutting
Alternate propagation method(s): seed, layering

Propagation by Cuttings

Cutting type: stem tip
Time of year to take cuttings: Summer
Cutting maturity: semi-hardwood, hardwood
Rooting hormone: IBA Quick Dip 2000 PPM
Rooting environment: intermittent mist
Soil temperature for best rooting: 75-80 degrees F
Time to rooting: 4-8 weeks
Comment: Hardwood cutting during Winter.

Propagation by Seed

Time of year to collect seed: Autumn
Time of year to sow seed: Autumn
Seed treatment: cold-warm-cold stratification
Preferred temperature for germination: 70-85 degrees F
Time required for germination: 8 weeks
Comment: Stratified seeds can be sown in Summer. Seed beds should be mulched With pine straw.

Propagation by Layering

Type of Layering: tip
Time of year to layer: Summer
Wounding: one slanting cut 1/4-1/2 way through stem