University of Florida

Carya illinoinensis

Common name(s): Pecan, Sweet Pecan

Plant type: deciduous large tree
Primary method of propagation: seed
Alternate propagation method(s): cutting, grafting/budding

Propagation by Cuttings

Cutting type: stem tip
Time of year to take cuttings: no information
Cutting maturity: softwood
Rooting environment: intermittent mist
Time to rooting: 6-8 weeks
Comment: Wound cuttings (cutting rooting success was 23 percent.) Pecan is considered to be a non-rooter.

Propagation by Seed

Time of year to collect seed: Autumn
Time of year to sow seed: Summer
Seed treatment: stratify 40 degrees F 2-3 months.
Preferred temperature for germination: 70-85 degrees F
Time required for germination: 3-4 weeks
Comment: Mulch seedbeds.

Propagation by Grafting

Time of year to graft: Summer
Type of graft: whip, patch
Comment: Scions are taken in mid-Winter and stored at 35 F.