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Example 5

Before pruning

oak before pruning

Lower temporary branches are quite long and can be shortened. Some of these are growing up into the canopy and will soon begin shading branches in the permanent nursery canopy. Several branches are growing upright in the canopy and competing with the elader. These need to be shortened with reduction cuts or heading cuts.

After pruning

oak after pruning

The tree has one dominant leader to the top of the canopy and main branches are spaced apart. The teardrop shaped canopy sits on a cylinder of temporary low branches after shortening low branches and reducing and heading branches in the canopy that were growing upright.