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Leader intact/branches broken

leader brokenThis tree will be easier to restore than many trees because it began with a good structure. The small diameter branches on trees with a dominant leader structure broke a good way out from the trunk. This kept the trunk and the branch unions intact. The restoration process seeks to encourage good structure mostly by guiding growth toward the center of the tree.

broken branchTreatment: Since the leader is intact, this will be relatively simple. First the canopy was cleaned by removing dead branches and reducing broken branches back to lateral branches were possible. You will notice that at least one heading cut (center of lower left photo) was made on this tree. This is appropriate when the only option is to remove a long branch back to the trunk, when removing the branch back to the trunk would result in an unbalance canopy, and when the branch is relatively small in diameter. Sprouts can be managed beginning in a year or two to encourage good structure. This process will require several prunings over a period of five years or more. (See: details of sprout management)