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Clarifying usage of grades and standards: cuts

Frustrating issue: No open (sometimes referred to as unhealed) cuts are allowed where branches were subordinated (reduced in length) anywhere on the tree.

What grades and standards says: The document refers to subordination pruning in one sentence on page 10 in the Florida #1 text on the bottom left portion of the page. It says "A noticeable but small void will be left in the crown after removing the top portion of one of the trunks."

Summary statement: This statement in the document encourages professionals to subordinate (reduce the length of) one of the stems if there are two codominant stems. This is a recognized, appropriate arboricultural procedure in practice today. It is not essential for this pruning wound to be closed before the tree is planted in the landscape. Step 9c on page5 of the document refers to trunk wounds only, not other pruning wounds on the tree.