University of Florida

Juniperus chinensis 'Spartan' (Spartan Chinese Juniper)

Spartan Chinese Juniper

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  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5B - 10
  • Mature Height: 15 to 25 ft
  • Mature Spread: 4 to 8 ft
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Availability: Generally available
  • Drought Tolerance: High
  • Salt Tolerance: High
  • Light Requirements: Full sun to partial sun.
  • Native Origin: Not native to North America. Not assessed for invasiveness.
  • Soil Drainage: Needs a well-drained site.
  • Foliage: Evergreen tree with no showy fall color.
  • Flowers: None.
  • Pests: Free of serious pests and diseases, but mites and bag worms can infest the foliage and it is susceptible to root rot and bacterial blight.

Description: Spartan Chinese Juniper grows into a narrow cone or columnar shape.The tree remains thick as if it had been sheared. It may grow to 20 feet tall in 15 years. A row of Spartan will produce a fairly uniform shape making it a great screen. Planted on four to six-foot centers, it can develop into a thick screen which could be useful along a driveway, where a narrow, bright green screen is often needed to create privacy.

Growing best in full sun, more open in partial shade, Chinese Juniper needs well-drained soil or it will decline from root rot. It tolerates alkaline soil and is quite drought-tolerant but root regeneration is slow after transplanting from a field nursery. It is frequently offered in containers from a nursery.

Gainesville Observations: Trees have excellent form and are vigorous with bright green foliage. Although we have not sheared the trees all appear as a uniform column of tight foliage. Trees should make a good candidate for planting near power lines.