University of Florida

Crataegus flava (Yellowleaf Hawthorn)

Yellowleaf Hawthorn

*Click on picture for more images of this species.

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 7A - 9A
  • Mature Height: 20 to 30 ft
  • Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Availability: Somewhat available in small sizes
  • Drought Tolerance: Good to excellent
  • Salt Tolerance: Poor
  • Light Requirements: Full sun to partial shade
  • Native Origin: Native to North America
  • Soil Drainage: Needs a well-drained site.
  • Foliage: Deciduous tree.
  • Flowers: White, slightly showy flowers in the spring.
  • Pests: Lace bugs may infest foliage under certain circumstances

Gainesville Observations: Flowers appear in late March after many trees have already flowered. The small leaves also appear late March filling the stiff branches. Trees are performing very well and should do well south of our test plots. Trees are challenging to prune into a tight canopy that would be presentable to those that purchase trees for landscapes. Thorns might be an annoyance when used close to people. A dominant trunk can be developed with staking and pruning. Branches need to be headed in order to produce a tighter canopy that would be appealing to buyers.