Gilman, E.F. and R.C. Beeson, Jr.
Production method affects tree establishment in the landscape
J. Environ. Hort. 14 (2): 81-87
Trunk growth rates one year after transplanting 5 cm (2 in) caliper laurel oak (Quercus laurifolia Michx.) from above-ground plastic containers, from in-ground fabric containers or from the field (B&B) matched or exceeded growth rates before transplanting. Growth rates for all three treatments were similar seven months after transplanting. Shoots on field-grown trees grew more in the first year after transplanting than those from fabric or plastic containers. Roots removed at the time of digging were completely replaced on field and fabric container trees six months after transplanting. One year after transplanting, roots occupied the same soil volume as just prior to transplanting. Trees from plastic containers regenerated roots slower than B&B trees or those from fabric containers. When irrigation frequency was reduced 14 weeks after transplanting (WAT), trees from plastic containers were water stressed more (had more negative xylem potential) than B&B or fabric container trees. Growth rates of East Palatka holly (Ilex x attenuata Ashe. `East Palatka') responded similarly to laurel oak; however hollies took longer to establish roots into landscape soil and took longer for the trunk growth rate to match that on trees prior to transplanting.
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