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Scott L. Stewart: Photo Gallery

This small gallery represents a few of the North American native orchids I have come to know well. Some I have simply had the pleasure to photograph, while I have conducted intensive scientific research on others. Most of these images are of Florida native orchids, being that these are the species I work with everyday. I have strived to photograph each species myself. Photographs provided by others are noted as such. Nomenclature follows that outlined in Wild Orchids of Florida (Brown, 2002; 2005), Wild Orchids of North America North of Mexico (Brown & Folsom, 2003), and Wild Orchids of the Southeastern United States North of Peninsular Florida (Brown & Folsom, 2004).

Platanthera chapmanii Platanthera chapmanii
Platanthera chapmanii (Chapman's fringed orchis) in Apalachicola National Forest, Florida. Group of three plants (left) and close up of individual flower (right). Note the hooked column, a diagnostic character in identifying this species. For more information on this species, and the closely related species P. ciliaris and P. cristata see pages 168-170 in Wild Orchids of the Southeastern United States, North of Peninsular Florida (Brown & Folsom 2004) and P.M. Brown, Understanding Platanthera chapmanii (Orchidaceae), its origins and hybrids, SIDA 21: 853-859.

Platanthera ciliaris EpiPlatanthera ciliaris Platanthera ciliaris (the orange fringed orchis) in Goethe State Forest, Florida. Individual plant (left) and close up of individual flower (right). Note the outward swept column, which differs from the hooked column found on P. chapmanii.

Platanthera cristata
Close up of Platanthera cristata (the orange crested orchis) in Goethe State Forest, Florida.

Cyrtopodium punctatumCyrtopodium punctatum
Cyrtopodium punctatum (the cigar orchid) in south Florida. A developing inflorescence (left) showing the distinctively marked flower bracts, and an old plant growing atop a cut cypress tree (right).

Cleistes divaricata Cleistes divaricata

Cleistes divaricata (the large spreading pogonia) in northeastern Florida. Plant in Cary State Forest (left) and in Osceola National Forest (right).

 

Gymnadeniopsis integra
Gymnadeniopsis integra
, the yellow fringeless orchis,
(syn. = Platanthera integra) from Apalachicola National Forest, Florida panhandle.

Habenaria macroceratitis Habenaria macroceratitis
Habenaria macroceratitis, the long-horned rein orchis, from central Florida. Flowering plant (left) and flower close up (right).

Dendrophylax lendenii Dendrophylax lendenii Dendrophylax lendenii, the ghost orchid, from south Florida. Roots and seed capsule (left) flowering plant (right).

Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge
On the Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge sampling ghost orchid roots for mycobiont isolation and identification. Photograph taken by Larry Richardson, Wildlife Biologist with USFWS.

Platanthera conspicua (
Platanthera conspicua
(the southern white fringed orchis) in Osceola National Forest, Florida. This species was previously known as P. blephariglottis var. conspicua, but has recently been raised to species.

Pogonia ophioglossoides Pogonia ophioglossoides Pogonia ophioglossoides (rose pogonia), double-flowered plant in southern Georgia (left) and close up of flower in Goethe State Forest, Florida.

Epidendrum nocturnum
Epidendrum nocturnum
, the night scented orchid, in southwestern Florida.

Encyclia tampensis
Encyclia tampensis (butterfly orchid) on the Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge. Photograph by Larry Richardson, Wildlife Biologist with the USFWS.

Sacoila lanceolata var. lanceolata Sacoila lanceolata var. lanceolata
Sacoila lanceolata
var. lanceolata (leafless beaked orchid) from Goethe State Forest, Florida. Inflorescence (left) and flower close up (right).

Lilium catesbaei
Lilium catesbaei
, the pine lily, in Apalachicola National Forest, Florida. Not an orchid, stunning nonetheless.

Hexalectris spicata
Hexalectris spicata, the crested coralroot, in central Florida. This is a saprophytic, or achlorophyllous, orchid that obtains all its energy from various fungal-root associations. Epidendrum magnoliae var. magnoliae
Epidendrum magnoliae var. magnoliae (syn. = E. conopseum), the green- fly orchis. This specimen was photographed in my personal collection.